Markets and circulations

Nowadays many of the standards that contribute towards the management of antibiotic use in livestock farming are of a private nature, or integrate economic and commercial stakes into public regulations. Both agri-food chains and veterinary medicine markets are complex systems that determine the circulation of antibiotics and animal products, and form the economic values (prices, margins, turnover, etc.) linked to the exchanges between various operators like pharmaceutical industries, wholesalers and retailers. Our projects therefore seek to analyse the structure of these food and pharmaceutical markets, and how it shapes antimicrobial use in livestock.

For more details, look at the Themes page.