AMAGRI brings together economic and social science researchers who, through a range of projects, are studying the way antibiotics are used in agriculture. They are looking at how the dominant model of intensive farming supported by increasing recourse to antibiotics came into being and are asking to what extent this model is being challenged (or not) by current dynamics that are striving to reduce agriculture’s technical, economic and social dependence on antimicrobials. More broadly, these projects aim to understand how the problem of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) came about and how the system that regulates veterinary medicines is now being put to the test.
AMR refers to the capacity of bacteria to resist the pharmacological action of antibiotics. The overuse and misuse of these drugs in both human medicine and agriculture are among the main causes of this phenomenon, which is a major issue for public health, animal health and environmental protection (One Health). By studying the current recompositions of the system that regulates veterinary medicines, AMAGRI wants to understand how the uses of antibiotics in animal farming are governed. It does so via four main themes: knowledge and practices, professions and organisations, markets and circulations, policies, expertise and controversies. The website allows researchers involved in AMAGRI projects to share their work, along with broader resources and reflections from the social sciences’ AMR community. It concerns all scientists, professionals and private individuals interested or involved in the fight against AMR.
Our projects receive, or have received, funding from numerous organisations
I am an assistant professor à Paris-Saclay University, member of the EST research-unit (Etudes sur les Sciences et les Techniques – Science and Technology Studies). My researches aim at studying the medicalization of agriculture, focusing on how drugs have been massively used and have contributed to the rethinking of animal health, at the crossroads of human and veterinary medicine and agricultural sciences.
In the context of AMAGRI, I study how and why antibiotics in cattle breeding have been introduced and used, as well as how the problem of AMR articulated with French veterinary professional issues until the late 1970s.
I am a veterinary public health inspector, working at the General Directorate of Food (DGAL) of the French Ministry of Agriculture. I joined the AMAGRI project during my Master's degree in Public Policies and Comparative Governments, section "Food Policy and Health Risk Management", taught by the National School of Veterinary Services and Sciences Po Lyon.
I have studied the classification of critically important antibiotics in order to understand their different expressions at the international, European and national levels. To do so, I examined the trajectory of one molecule in particular, colistin. These analyses fall within the broader picture of the conflicts between health and commercial concerns, and of their integration into international and European normative bodies.
I am a sociologist, research fellow at CNRS and IRISSO. My research focuses on the production of scientific and regulatory knowledge in the chemical sector (industrial chemicals, pesticides, human and veterinary drugs). I am currently interested in the global circulation of pesticides and veterinary antibiotics.
In the AMAGRI project, I am conducting research on public policies adopted to regulate the prescription of antibiotics in livestock and on the production of international expertise on antibiotic resistance. I am particularly looking at the forms of knowledge and expertise mobilized to categorize certain molecules as "critically important" (in the framework of the "veterinary medicine" package adopted by the European Union in early 2019) and at international initiatives for fighting AMR (Codex Alimentarius).
I have been a PhD in political science since 2017. My research combines the sociology of professional groups, public action, collective mobilizations and gender studies.
My doctoral work focused on the institutionalization of professional equality policies in agriculture and the structuring of a female participation within professional organizations. I am also conducting research on the history of feminist and lesbian struggles. A first postdoc led me to work on the market of complementary social protection for territorial civil servants, while another collective project led me to investigate the construction of the public problem of asbestos in the State civil service.
Within the AMAGRI collective, I am conducting an investigation focused on the pig and poultry industries in order to study the evolution of the economic models of the veterinary profession (structuring of holdings and networks of practices, development of services or goods on the animal health market) as well as the involvement of the profession at the different levels of production and distribution of veterinary drugs.
I am a post-doctoral researcher in social sciences of health at IRISSO (Université Paris-Dauphine) and joined the ROADMAP project (Rethinking of antimicrobial decision-systems in the management of animal production) in June 2021.
My doctoral research focused on the prescription of painkillers in general practice. It traced the trajectory of two analgesics massively prescribed by general practitioners (tramadol and dextropropoxyphene). I then sought to trace the reasons for their success in order to understand why and how doctors choose to prescribe one painkiller rather than another. My work is therefore both in the field of sociology of health and in that of Science and Technology Studies.
Within the AMAGRI collective, I work more specifically on the question of the industries that develop, manufacture and market drugs used in veterinary medicine.
I am a post-doctoral fellow at the Centre Alexandre Koyré (EHESS, CNRS, MNHN). I have a dual education as a doctor in social sciences (EHESS) and as a biosciences engineer (INSA Lyon). My research is at the crossroads of the history and sociology of science, environmental history, and the sociology of expertise and public action. It focuses on production of knowledge and policies in the field of environmental health in the 20th and 21st centuries.
In my PhD work, I studied the scientific, social and political trajectory of a group of chemicals, PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls), used for many purposes from the 1930s onwards and considered since the late 1960s as persistent and ubiquitous pollutants in the environment, on a global scale. I have studied the construction and government of damages, problems, hazards and risks associated with this group of substances, at different scales (international, national, local).
In the framework of AMAGRI and with funding from the "DIM One Health" of the Région Île-de-France (2019-2021), I focus on the production of knowledge concerning the environmental component of the AMR problem (in particular the knowledge on releases and circulation of antibiotics and resistant bacteria in the environment). I study the evolution of scientific research on this environmental component, on an international scale, in the context of the deployment of the "One Health" watchword.
I am a sociologist at CIRAD (France, UMR Moisa). My interest lies on sanitary risks and global health, in the context of low- and middle-income countries. My research focuses mainly on risks related to animal husbandry, in relation with emerging infectious diseases, antimicrobial resistance, and in relation with the One Health paradigm.
I am currently working in Mozambique on the veterinary drug market, and the national action plan for facing the threat of antimicrobial resistance.
I am a senior researcher in sociology at INRAE (French Research Institute for Food, Agriculture and the Environment), based at IRISSO, Paris-Dauphine University.
I work on animal health policy and the veterinary profession, especially on the regulation of veterinary medicines. My research focuses on the controversies and governance of the AMR problem, the transformations of farm animal veterinary medicine, the veterinary drug market and the role of farmers and the livestock industry in antimicrobial stewardship. I am the PI of AMAGRI and ROADMAP projects.
I am a postdoctotoral researcher in sociology at INRA (IRISSO, Paris-Dauphine University). My current researches focus on AMR within ROADMAP projects (INRA/IRISSO).
I work on global health policies, especially on the regulation of human, ecosystem and animal health. My previous researches focus both on the construction of One Health categories, its impacts in terms of governance and professional groups involved (vets, medical professions, ecologists) and the interactions between Global Health and Biodiversity.
Besides, I did a PhD in political science which tackles the evolution of the State inspectors working at slaughterhouses, doing some “dirty work” in the ministry of Agriculture but also the French meat safety public policy. I propose an ethnography of the slaughterhouse, through the work of sanitary controllers. I am interested in the occupational health issues of these inspectors in charge of meat control in slaughterhouses and wonder how the working conditions and MSDs of these agents impact the legitimacy of their mission, modify the representations related to their profession and thoroughly question their professional group.
I am a politist, an associate professor in Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne and a member of CESSP (UMR 8209). My researches focus on making of environmental policies and they are situated between in public action sociology and environmental political sociology. My PhD deals with territorial biodiversity policies and I also worked on environmental governance of Seine North Europe canal (Influbio, Ittecop). In the framework of AMAGRI, I focus on intersectorial making of antimicrobian policies. I work on relationships between administrations, politicians and experts of humain health, animal health and environment.
Sociologist at INRA-ASTER (Mirecourt, France), I have a dual education as an agricultural engineer (AgroParisTech, specialising in animal sciences) and as a doctor in agricultural sociology. My current work focuses on the processes of technical innovation related to the agro-ecological transition of livestock farming. I am particularly interested in alternative methods of animal health management and new breeding methods that are developed by "grazier" breeders' associations.
In the AMAGRI project, I study the transformations of the veterinary profession by focusing on farm animal practices that have a mixed clientele (canine / ruminant breeding). The aim is to describe and analyse the evolution of the activity of these offices, which includes direct animal care, the prescription of medicines and the development of new services such as livestock audits, herd monitoring, or alternative care methods (phyto-aromatherapy).
I am a historian, assistant professor at the Department for the History of Life-sciences and Health at the University of Strasbourg, and member of the SAGE (Sociétés, Acteurs, Gouvernement en Europe) research-unit. My research focuses on the history of medicine and health since the 19th century, combining local, national and international scales.
My doctoral research has dealt with the history of influenza in France. At the University of Zürich, as a research and teaching assistant at the chair of the history of medicine, my investigations turned to the history of the relationship between human and animal health, from a perspective of the history of knowledge and public action.
In the context of AMAGRI, I am conducting research on the history of international regulations on the problem of antibiotic resistance in animal husbandry.